# Matrix Science Mathematic (MSMK)

### NUMERICAL COMPUTATIONS OF GENERAL NON-LINEAR SECOND ORDER INITIAL VALUE PROBLEMS BY USING MODIFIED RUNGE-KUTTA METHOD

November 7, 2022 Posted by Natasha In MSMK

## ABSTRACT

### NUMERICAL COMPUTATIONS OF GENERAL NON-LINEAR SECOND ORDER INITIAL VALUE PROBLEMS BY USING MODIFIED RUNGE-KUTTA METHOD

Journal: Matrix Science Mathematic (MSMK)
Author: Nazrul Islam, Md. Shorif Hossan, Md. Parvez Mosharaf, Md. Rayhan Prodhan

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited Numerical solution of ordinary differential equations is the most important technique which is widely used for mathematical modelling in science and engineering. The differential equation that describes the problem is typically too complex to precisely solve in real-world circumstances. Since most ordinary differential equations are not solvable analytically, numerical computations are the only way to obtain information about the solution. Many different methods have been proposed and used is an attempt to solve accurately various types of ordinary differential equations. Among them, Runge-Kutta is a well-known and popular method because of their good efficiency. This paper contains an analysis for the computations of the modified Runge-Kutta method for nonlinear second order initial value problems. This method is wide quite efficient and practically well suited for solving linear and non-linear problems. In order to verify the accuracy, we compare numerical solution with the exact solution. We also compare the performance and the computational effort of this method. In order to achieve higher accuracy in the solution, the step size needs to be small. Finally, we take some examples of non-linear initial value problems (IVPs) to verify proposed method. The results of that example indicate that the convergence, stability analysis, and error analysis which are discussed to determine the efficiency of the method.
 Pages 34-40 Year 2022 Issue 2 Volume 6