Journal: Matrix Science Mathematic (MSMK)
Author: D.O. Akpootu, and S. B. Lawal
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
For optimal characterization of radio communication channel, key parameters and a mathematical model are essential for predicting or determining the signal coverage, channel efficiency and capacity. Path loss prediction plays a basic role in planning and designing of every radio communication link. This paper investigates a suitable model capable of planning a better global system for mobile communication (GSM) network (MTN) with a view to address numerous complain of poor quality service by the subscribers, within Sokoto city using measuring tape, Basic Transreceiver System (BTS) app on mobile phone and mobile device distance. Received Signal Strength (RSS) were obtained from MTN base stations (network) located in State and path loss was analyzed. The experimental measurement of path loss was compared to theoretical models of COST231 and Hata models. The results showed that the COST231 was found most suitable path loss prediction model for Sub-urban region of Sokoto based on the validation test; however, the Hata model also produces reasonable estimates and can be use for path loss prediction model in the location.